origins parthenon

chapter 2 web resources compiled by julia schmutz

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A General Summary of Aristotle's Appeals

Aristotle defined three main forms of rhetoric: ethos, logos and pathos. This page discusses those three forms, and offers helpful websites for further reading.


Stanford’s Encyclopedia of Philosophy offers an in-depth analysis of Aristotle’s life and accomplishments. His theories of logic, science and dialectic are explained and accompanied by examples.


Cicero’s Classical Canons of Rhetoric: Their Relevance and Importance to the Corporate Workplace

Here you will find an interesting article relating Cicero’s classic rhetoric to the business world of today. The classic canons include invention, arrangement, style, memory and delivery.



This is a brief page that offers another look at dialectic. The page compares and contrasts dialectic and rhetoric, and also talks about the role of dialectic in history.



In the six sections of information on this page, Stanford’s Encyclopedia of Philosophy defines and explains epistemology. The site talks about knowledge and justification, and the sources and structures of each.


The Forest of Rhetoric

This website is full of information about classical and renaissance rhetoric. The front page is an introduction and a guide on how to use the site. On either side of the page, there are links to a large number of rhetoric topics.


The Homeric Age

This site provides a detailed history of 1200 to 800 B.C., otherwise known as The Homeric Age. The site primarily focuses on the politics and religion of the Homeric Greeks.


Peitho’s Web: Classic Rhetoric and Persuasion

Peitho’s Web is a collection of links to other sites that discuss the major players in classic rhetoric. This includes historical figures like Aristotle, Cicero, Horace and Isocrates.


Renaissance Humanism

This website describes the beginning of the Humanistic movement, and its development throughout the years. Christianity and its role in the Humanistic movement is discussed, along with the Humanism impact on science and intellect.


The Sophists (Ancient Greek)

On this IEP page you will find an in-depth look at the sophists and their reasoning. The page starts with a detailed introduction, and it offers links to various sophist topics.


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