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chapter 10 web resources compiled by julia schmutz

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American Rhetoric: Antithesis

This particular American Rhetoric page defines antithesis, and gives examples of famous speeches from throughout the years that have used antithesis for emphasis. Speakers include Martin Luther King, Jr., Abraham Lincoln and Neil Armstrong.

Clean the Wax from Your Words

This website talks about cleaning the “wax” from your speech by being more sincere in what you say. The site describes each type of wax, like superlatives, repetition, and trite expressions, and then explains how to rephrase to get rid of the wax.


Effective Use of Language

The University of Washington created this page to outline the characteristics of effective language. The page explains concrete, concise, familiar and constructive language, and gives an example of each.


Inclusive Language: I, We, and You

Confident Writing published this article to discuss the pros and cons of “I”, “we” and “you” language. The article ends with some critical thinking questions about inclusive language.


Keys to Obama Speeches: Clarity, Structure and Making Sense of the World

The Illinois News Bureau uses this article to analyze the clarity and reasoning used in President Obama’s speeches. The article then compares Obama’s speeches to those of Roosevelt, Kennedy and Reagan.


Speech Preparation #5: Six Power Principles for Speech Editing

Six Minutes is a website dedicated to preparing speeches. This page focuses on editing your speech for focus, clarity, concision, continuity, variety, and impact.


Stereotypes and Biased Language

This Purdue Owl page offers a guide on how to write without sexist or stereotyped language. The page also contains a list of occupations and words that are usually associated with man-linked terms, and it offers an unbiased alternative for each.


Stylistic Devices

This brief but comprehensive PDF handout provides the definition of stylistic devices as well as several examples of each.


Virtues of Style

This Forest of Rhetoric page is a website about the classic virtues of style, developed back in the days of Theophrastus, Demetrius, Cicero and Quintilian. These five virtues are correctness, clarity, evidence, propriety and ornateness.


Word Choice in Public Speaking

In this short video on word choice, the speaker explains how to use generic language when speaking in public. The speaker focuses on he/she language, and gender-specific words.


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